2024's Optional Subjects: Choosing Wisely for UPSC Preparation

The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) exam is well-known for its extensive Syllabus for both the preliminary and main exams, as well as its tough interview selection procedure. Choosing the proper optional subject for the UPSC Main Examination is one of the most challenging selections for ambitious candidates to make. This is an important choice since it will affect your preparation plan and overall performance.
In this post, we will look at best optional subjects for UPSC 2024, and, how to choose the UPSC 2024 optional subject, and the factors to consider while selecting the perfect optional subject. So, whether you're just getting started with UPSC preparation or need to rethink your strategy, this article will act as a compass, directing you to the proper optional topic for the UPSC Mains Examination.
The significance of optional subjects in UPSC
The UPSC mains exam includes a wide range of subjects, making it rather broad. In addition to the obligatory papers, aspirants may choose optional subjects. These disciplines allow individuals to demonstrate their knowledge and interest in a certain field. It's like an opportunity to delve deeply into something they truly like and put their current knowledge and interests to work. Choosing an optional subject that corresponds to one's background or abilities might improve overall performance and confidence in the UPSC exam. It's like playing to your strengths and maximizing your existing abilities.

UPSC Optional Subject List 2024

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences
Political Science and International Relations
Public Administration
Civil Engineering
Commerce & Accounting
Electrical engineering
Mechanical engineering
Medical science

UPSC Literature Optional Subjects List

Assamese Literature

Oriya Literature
Bengali Literature
Punjabi Literature
Bodo Literature
Sanskrit Literature
Dogri Literature
Santhali (Literature).
Gujarati Literature
Sindhi Literature
Hindi Literature
Tamil Literature
Kannada Literature
Telugu Literature
Kashmiri Literature
Urdu Literature
Konkani Literature
English Literature
Maithili Literature
Marathi Literature

Nepali Literature

Factors to Consider When Choosing the Best Optional Subject?

Interest and ability: Choose a subject that matches your interests, strengths, and ability. It should be something you actually love studying since it will keep you motivated throughout the preparation period.
Background Knowledge: Having a background in a certain subject might be advantageous since you may already have a solid knowledge of the principles.
High-Quality Study Materials: The availability and accessibility of high-quality study materials may have a major influence on your preparation. Ensure that suitable study materials, including  books, notes, and internet resources, are accessible for the selected optional subject.
Coaching and Guidance: Enrolling in a reputable coaching institution or getting advice from subject matter experts may give invaluable insights and techniques for successful preparation. Assess the availability of coaching institutions and professional help for the selected optional subject.
Scoring Potential: Study and study past years' question papers to better understand the scoring patterns and trends for each optional subject. Some subjects may have a larger score potential, which might influence your selection.
Overlapping Syllabus: Consider how the optional topics overlaps with the General Studies curriculum. Choosing a subject that matches the GS Syllabus might save you time and effort during preparation.
Time Commitment: Determine how much time you can devote to studying the selected optional subject. Some disciplines may need additional time and effort owing to their lengthy curriculum or technical nature.
Best optional subjects for UPSC 2024?
Choosing the best optional subject for the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services Examination is mostly determined by the individual's interests, academic background, and grasp of the subject. However, several disciplines have gained popularity among applicants because to their scoring nature, overlap with General Studies examinations, and availability of study resources. Based on the parameters listed above and current trends, below are the top ten optional subjects selected by the majority of UPSC aspirants:

Geography: This subject overlaps much with General Studies and is considered scoring. It is also a popular option for candidates from diverse backgrounds.
Public Administration: It is a popular optional subject since it is relevant to civil services and overlaps with General Studies.
Sociology: Sociology is a scoring optional subject that overlaps significantly with General Studies.
Political Science and International Relations: This course is popular since it is relevant to the public service and overlaps with General Studies.
History: This subject is popular since it overlaps with General Studies, and many applicants are interested in it.
Anthropology: Anthropology is regarded scoring and is popular among individuals with scientific backgrounds.
Philosophy: High-scoring subject that is popular owing to its comparatively short syllabus.
Economics: is a popular optional subject among aspirants who have a background in it. It also has certain similarities with General Studies.
Psychology: This optional subject is highly regarded and popular owing to its significance to the civil service.
Mathematics: is a popular subject among those who have a good foundation in it. It is considered scoring yet has a broad curriculum.
Remember that the best optional subjects for UPSC 2024 differs from person to person. It is critical to choose aoptional subject that you are familiar with and confident in your ability to comprehend and memorize the content.

Before making a choice, take into account your hobbies, previous knowledge, study material availability, coaching and guidance, score potential, syllabus overlap, and time commitment. Selecting the appropriate optional subject for the UPSC Main Examination is an important step toward success. Before making a selection, read the above-mentioned recommendations and tactics. Best of luck for your endeavour!



What are the different optional subjects for IAS Mains 2024?
There are 26 optional subjects available, including Agriculture, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce & Accountancy, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science & International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology, and Literature.
Which optional subject has the best success percentage in the IAS Mains?
The success percentage for optional subjects changes year after year. Candidates should choose subject depending on their interests, academic experience, and the availability of study materials and coaching.
Can I choose my degree subject as an option in IAS Mains?
Yes, applicants often choose their graduating subject as an option since it offers them an advantage owing to their knowledge with the topic.
Are there any changes to the optional subjects list for IAS Mains 2024?
There are currently no announced changes to the list of optional courses for IAS Mains 2024. The most up-to-date information may be found in the official UPSC notice.
How should I pick my optional subject for the IAS Mains?
Choose depending on your interests, academic background, overlap with General Studies, availability of coaching and study materials, and previous years' question paper analysis.
Is it required to choose an optional subject for IAS Mains?
Yes, picking an optional topic is obligatory in IAS Mains, and it has a significant impact on the candidate's total score.
Can I modify my optional subject for the next round of IAS Mains?
Yes, applicants may modify their optional topic in future tries.
How many optional subjects are there in the UPSC?
There are 48 optional subjects on the UPSC optional subject list, and applicants must choose one.